Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder
What is ADHD?
ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder affecting both children and adults. It is described as a “persistent” or on-going pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that gets in the way of daily life or typical development. Individuals with ADHD may also have difficulties with maintaining organization and task management.
How can music therapy address the needs of individuals with ADHD?
Almost all children with attention problems have difficulties in sequencing. They have difficulties with carrying out a multi-step action plan in response to either a verbal request or visual information. Many children with ADHD have challenges in processing sensations. Over-responsiveness leads them to be less attentive. For many who have felt helpless in controlling their own attention and activity level, anxiety can cause them to be even more distracted and forgetful.
Music therapy can support, accompany, and/or enhance the child’s music-making process by fostering interactions, strengthening motor functions, and helping the child plan and sequence actions and thoughts. Problems in following instructions and paying attention can make the child feel guilty and incompetent. Music therapy can help a child with ADHD build self-confidence and modulate his or her response to sensations.